Factors associated with participation in physical activity among adults with hypertension in Kigali, Rwanda
Hypertension is one of the most common non-communicable diseases, and it is the leading cause of cardiovascular diseases, death and disability worldwide, especially in developing countries. Physical activity has been regarded as a commonly accepted modality for preventing and treating hypertension. However, despite its known benefits, this modality of treatment and prevention of hypertension continues to be underused. The present study aimed to determine the demographic, social and health-related factors that are associated with levels of physical activity participation among adults with hypertension in Kigali, Rwanda. This cross-sectional study was conducted with 252 adults with hypertension through the Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire (GLTEQ). Two thirds of the participants (69.44%) were classified as sedentary. The following factors were found to be significantly (P<0.05) associated with the levels of physical activity: age, marital status, and level of education, residence, past and current tobacco users, current alcohol user, diabetes mellitus, body mass index (BMI), and blood pressure. The findings of the present study highlight the need for the implementation of health promotion strategies aimed at promoting physical activity lifestyle among individuals with hypertension in Rwanda.
Keywords: Physical activity, Exercise, Hypertension, High blood pressure, Rwanda
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