Medical coverage at soccer sessions
Soccer in Rwanda exposes soccer players to the risk of injury warranting a need for medical coverage at both training and competitive sessions. This study aims to identify the prevalence, period of injury occurrence, and severity of common soccer injuries among the 1st and 2nd division soccer teams in Rwanda.
A cross-sectional retrospective quantitative study design was used. Simple random sampling, clustered within teams, was used to get a sample of this study. During sample selection, the random order was determined using the random number generator in Microsoft Excel®. Data for soccer players was gathered, using a close-ended questionnaire. The data from soccer players were captured and analyzed with the Microsoft Excel package.
The study revealed 68.1 % injury prevalence with a significantly high rate of injuries occurring during training (p< 0.005). Most of the training injuries were moderate followed by major, minor and severe injuries while most injuries during competition were major-moderate, followed by severe-minor.
The prevalence, period of injury occurrence and severity of injuries in Rwanda indeed warrants medical coverage as a first preventive strategy.
Arnason, A., Sigurdsson, S.B., Gudmundsson, A., Holme, I., Engebretsen, L. and Bahr, R. (2004). Risk factors for Injuries in Football. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 32(1): 5-15.
Brukner, P. and Khan, K. (2003). Principles of Injury Prevention in Clinical Sports Medicine. Sydney: Mc Graw-Hill Publishers.
Chomiak, J., Junge, A., Peterson, L. and Dvorak, J. (2000). Severe Injuries in Football Players. Influencing Factors. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 28 (5): 58-68.
Frantz, J.M., Amosun, S.L. and Weitz, W. (1999). Injuries among adolescent soccer players during an interprovincial tournament in South Africa. South African Journal of Sports Medicine, 6(2): 13-15.
Guskiewicz, K.M., Weaver, N.L., Padua, D.A. and Garrett, W.E. (2000). Epidemiology of Concussion in Collegiate and High School Football players. The American Journal of Sports Medicine 28(5):643-650.
Hawkins, R.D. and Fuller, C.W. (1998a). A preliminary assessment of professional footballers’ awareness of injury prevention strategies. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 32:140-143.
Hawkins, R.D. and Fuller, C.W. (1998b). An examination of the frequency and severity of injuries and incidents at three levels of professional football. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 32:326-332.
Hawkins, R.D. and Fuller, C.W. (1999). A prospective epidemiological study of injuries in four English professional football clubs. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 33:196-203.
Hawkins, R.D., Hulse, M.A., Wilkinson, C., Hodson,
A. and Gibson, M. (2001). The associated football medical research programme: an audit of injuries in professional football. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 35 (1): 43-48.
Heidt, R.S., Sweeterman, L.M., Carlonas, R.L., Traub, J.A. and Tekulve, F.X. (2000). Avoidance of Soccer Injuries with Preseason Conditioning. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 28(5): 659-662.
Jelsma, J., Dawson, H., Smith, G., Masaya, T. and Madzivire, D. (1997). Sports Injuries Sustained At The 6th All Africa Games. The Physiotherapy Perspective. South African Journal of Physiotherapy, 53(3): 17-21.
Junge, A. and Dvorak, J. (2000). Influence of Definition and Data Collection on the Incidence of Injuries in Football. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 28(5): 40-46.
Levy, A.S. and Lohnes, J. (1996). Chondral delamination of the knee in soccer players. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 24(5): 634- 640.
McGrath, A. and Ozanne-Smith, J. (1997). Heading injuries out of soccer: A review of the literature. Monash University, Accident Research Center. Report No.125.
Merron, R., Selfe, J., Swire, R. And Rolf, C (2006). Injuries among professional soccer players of different age groups: A prospective four-year study in an English Premier League Football Club. International Sports Medicine Journal. 7(4): 266-276.
Mithoefer, K., Gill, T.J., Giza, E., Mandelbaum, B.R., Peterson, L. and Minas, T. (2002). Treatment of full-thickness articular cartilage lesions of the knee in high-demand athletes with autologous chondrocyte transplantation. Orthopaedic Journal at Harvard Medical School-annual publication. Retrieved from http://www.orthojournalhms.org/ojhms2002/manuscri pts/manuscripts-05.htm
Morgan, B.E. and Oberlander, M.A. (2001). An Examination of Injuries in Major League Soccer. The Inaugural Season. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 29 (4): 426–430.
Orchard, J.W. (2001). Intrinsic and Extrinsic Risk Factors for Muscle Strains in Australian Football. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 29(3): 300-303.
Orchard, J. and Seward H. (2002). Epidemiology of injuries in the Australian Football League, seasons 1997-2000. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 36:39-45.
Rahnama, N., Reilly, T. and Lees, A. (2002). Injury risk associated with playing actions during competitive soccer. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 36(5): 354-359.
Van Mechelen, W., Hlobil, H. and Kemper, H. (1992).
Incidence, Severity, Aetiology and Prevention of Sports Injuries: A review of concepts. Sports Medicine, 14:82-99.
Van Mechelen, W. (1997). The severity of sports injuries. Sports Medicine, 24(3): 176-180.
Woods, C., Hawkins, R., Hulse, M. and Hodson, A. (2002). The Football Association Medical Research Programme: an audit of injuries in professional football - analysis of preseason injuries. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 36:436-441.
Yard, E., Schroeder M, Fields S, Collins C, and Comstock D (2008). The epidemiology of United States high school soccer injuries 2005-2007. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 36(10): 1930-1937.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.