Integrity Management in Sport
This paper proposes integrity management as a strategic reaction to what is perceived as a moral
deficit in sports.
First, a number of frequently heard counterarguments against integrity management such as "we have no ethical problems in our organization" or "by introducing ethics management our coaches, directors, athletes, etc. will feel attacked" are addressed and subsequently refuted.
The central argument of the paper states that good ethics management should achieve a right balance between two complementary approaches. A rules-based approach includes both specific regulations about what is acceptable behavior and appropriate punishment procedures. A values-based approach includes support for managers, coaches and athletes facing ethical dilemmas. The latter are
ambiguous situations where it is not really clear which behavior would be considered ethical.
The paper concludes with recommendations on how to implement the listed instruments so as to ensure that they make a real difference and are not restricted to lofty ambitions on glossy brochures.
Ball, G. A., Trevino Linda, L., & Sims, H. P. (1994). Just
and unjust punishment: influence on subordinate performance and citizenship. Academy of Management Journal, 37(2), 299-322.
Bertieri, C. (Ed.). (2000). Sport, Ethique, Jeunes, la ligne d'ombre du dopage (Sports, Ethics, Youth, the dark line of drug abuse, (Les Cahiers du Panathlon nr. 8), Palermo: Panathlon International.
Bockrath, F., & Franke, E. (1995). Is there any value in sport? International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 30, 283-310.
Brackenridge, C. (2006). Women and children first? Child abuse and child protection in sport. In R. Giulianotti & D. McArdle (Eds.). Sport, Civil Liberties and Human Rights (pp.9-29). London/New York: Routledge.
Bredemeier, B.J. & Shiels, D. L. (1986). Athletic aggression: an issue of contextual morality. Sociology of Sport Journal, 3 (1), 15-28.
Coakley, J. J. (1998). Sport in Society: issues and controversies. New York: Mc Graw Hill.
David, P. (1999). Children's rights and sports: young athletes and competitive sports, exploit and exploitation. The International Journal of Children's Rights, 7, 53-81.
Donnelly, P. & Petherick L. (2006). Worker's Playtime? Child Labour at the Extremes of the Sporting Spectrum. In R.Giulianotti & D. McArdle (Eds.). Sport, Civil Liberties and Human Rights (pp.9-29). London/New York: Routledge.
Cooper, T. L. (1982). The responsible administrator: an approach to ethics for the administrative role. (1st. ed.). Port Washington, New York: Kennikat.
Forster, J., & Pope, K. (2004). The political economy of global sporting organizations. London/New York:Routledge.
Hong, F. (2006). Innocence lost: child athletes in China.
In R. Giulianotti & D. McArdle (Eds.). Sport, Civil Liberties and Human Rights (pp.46-62). London/New York: Routledge.
Jennings, A. (1996). The new lord of the rings: Olympic corruption and how to buy golden medals.
London: Simon & Shuster.
Karssing, E. (2001). Morele competentie in organisaties (Moral competence in organizations). Assen: Koninklijke Van Gorcum.
Lenskyj, H.J. (2006). The Olympic Industry and Civil Liberties: The Threat to Free Speech and Freedom of Assembly. In R. Giulianotti & D. McArdle (Eds.). Sport, Civil Liberties and Human Rights (pp.78-92). London/New York: Routledge.
Lewis, C. (1991). The ethics challenge in public service.
San Fransisco, California: Jossey Bass.
Maesschalck, J. (2005). Approaches to ethics management in the public sector: a proposed extension of the compliance-integrity continuum. Public Integrity, 7(1), 21-41.
Miceli, M. P., & Near, J. P. (1985). Characteristics of organizational climate and perceived wrongdoing associated with whistle-blowing decisions. Personnel Psychology, 38, 525-544.
Morgan, W.J. (2006). Why Sports Morally Matters.
London/New York: Routledge.
Nieuwenburgh, P. (2002). Ethiek in het openbaar bestuur (Ethics in the public sector). Amsterdam:
Coutinho. Paine, L. S. (1994). Managing for organizational integrity. Harvard Business Review, (2).
Panathlon International (2004). The Panathlon Declaration on Ethics in Youth Sport. Rapallo (Italy):Panathlon International:
Sinclair, A. (1993). Approaches to organizational culture and ethics. Journal of Business Ethics,
Trevino, L. K., Hartman, L. P., & Brown, M. (2000). Moral person and moral manager: how executives develop a reputation for ethical leadership. Journal 42(4),
Trevino, L. K., & Weaver, G. R. (2003). Managing ethics
in business organizations: social scientific perspectives. Stanford: Stanford
Vanden Auweele, Y. (Ed.), (2004). Ethics in Youth Sport.
Leuven: LannooCampus.van Luijk, H. (1996). Stapvoets door een dilemma. Opzet en achtergronden van een bewerkingsmodel
(At footpace through a dilemma. Purpose and background of a process model . Filosofie in Bedrijf
(Philosophy in Business), 22, 33-40.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.