Sport safety policies and practices among soccer clubs in Rwanda

  • Assuman Nuhu
  • Hamilton Pharaoh

Abstract

Introduction: Soccer is extremely popular in Rwanda and its participation and interest continues to grow.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify a range of safety policies and practices available in top division soccer clubs in Rwanda.

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive, quantitative study design was used among 12 male first division soccer teams in Rwanda. Nine (75%) team leaders and eleven (91.7%) medical practitioners completed adapted self administered questionnaires whose validity and reliability were initially established. Instruments were reviewed by an expert in the field and were further piloted. All ethical issues were considered.

Results: This study found that deficiencies in the availability of policies and their practices where clubs put more effort in addressing safety issues at competition than training. Teams were also interested in receiving information and assistance in safety issues.

Conclusion: Clubs should be assisted to develop, implement and monitor a comprehensive sport safety plan paying particular attention to all issues at training and at competition.

References

Casey, M., Finch, C.F., Mahoney, M. & Townsend, M. (2004). Sport safety policies and practices in two rural Victorian communities.Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 7(2), 226-231.

Donaldson, A. & Hill, T. (2002).The sport safety policies and practices of community soccer clubs: on the northern beaches and in the Hornsby-Ryde-Ku-Ring-Gai region of Northern Sydney. Sydney.

Donaldson, A., Forero, R., Finch, C.F. & Hill, T. (2004). A comparison of the sport safety policies and practices of the community sports clubs during training and competition in northern Sydney, Australia. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 38, 60-63.

Donaldson, A., Hill, T., Finch, C. &Forero, R. (2003). The development of a tool to audit the safety policies and practices of community sports clubs. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 6, 9-16.

Ekstrand, J. &Gillquist, J. (1984).Prevention of sport injuries in football players.International journal of sports medicine, 5(suppl.1), 140-144. Ekstrand, J. &Nigg, B. (1989). Surface related injuries in soccer. Sports Medicine, 8, 56-62.

Fédération International de Football Association (FIFA), (2008). FIFA laws of the game. Retrived November 06, 2008 at 02:51 from http://www.thefa.com/NR/rdonlyres/095F9568-466D-4D71-ABF5- C1253A1C28FD/151521/FifaLawsOfTheGame0809.pdf

Finch, C. & Hennessy, M. (2000). The safety practices of sporting clubs/centres in the city of Hume. Journal of Science & Medicine in Sport, 3, 9-16.

Giza, E., Fuller, C., Junge, A. & Dvorak, J. (2003).Mechanisms of foot and ankle injuries in soccer.American Journal of Sports Medicine, 31, 550- 554.

Hawkins, R.D. & Fuller, C.W. (1998).An examination of the frequency and severity of injuries and incidents at three levels of professional football.British Journal of Sports Medicine, 32(4), 326-332.

Hawkins, R.D., Hulse, M.A., Wilkinson, C., Hodson, A. & Gibson, M. (2001).The association football medical research programme: an audit of injuries in professional football.

British Journal of Sports Medicine, 35, 43-47.

McGrath, A.C. &Ozanne-Smith, J. (1997).Heading injuries out of soccer: A review of the literature.Monash University Accident Research Centre – Report No. 125.

Murray, T.H. (2010). Preserving Sporting Values and Ethics: The relationship between ant-doping and sport values and ethics.United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation.1-9.

Twizere, J. (2004). Epidemiology of soccer injuries in Rwanda: a need for physiotherapy intervention. Unpublished Masters Thesis.University of the Western Cape. Bellville.

World Anti-Doping Acency (2003).World Anti-Doping Code. Montreal: World Anti-Doping Agency

Section
Articles