Alzheimers disease: a nursing-perspective

  • A. Splinter



Alzheimer' s disease presents a challenge for nursing, nurses, formal and informal carer's of person's with Alzheimer 's disease. Theoretical knowledge provides insight and understanding into the bio-psycho-social dimensions of behaviour exhibited by the person with Alzheimer's disease. Theoretical knowledge alone, cannot prepare nurses and family members as carers, for the practicalities and coping skills required on an ongoing daily basis.

Family members and carers may at first deny the symptoms they observe and pass it off as part of the ageing process. Cognitive decline is progressive as standards of hygiene, self care and independent living becomes more evident and interferes with activities of independent , daily living.

The bio-psycho-social-safety  and security needs are individualized and unique to each personality with Alzheimer 's disease. This provides a challenge to all nurses and carer's of persons with Alzheimer 's disease.

This literary study aims to provide practical insights and humane coping skills for family members as carer's and nurses both formally or informally trained, as carer's of persons, with Alzheimer 's disease.


Living with, and caring for an Alzhe imer's parent or person draws every bit of physical and emotional strength from the family and carer's.


Anderson,M. & Braun J.V. (1995). Caring for the Elderly Client.

Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company .

Benner, P. M. (1997). Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing, 3'd Edition. Pennsylvania :Springhouse Corporation .

Cope!, L. C. (1996). Nurse 's Clinical Guide: Psychiatric and Mental Health Care with DSM-IV classification. Pennsylvania: Springhouse Corporation.

Geriatric Symposium notes.6 & 7 July 2005 . Stellenbosch Business Campus,Stellenbosch.

Hattingh, S.,Van Der Merwe, M.,Van Rensberg , G. & Dreyer, M. (1996). Gerontology: a Community Health Perspective. Thomson Publishing Inc.

Ledger, C. (1992). Care of the carers. United Kingdom: Kingsway publications Ltd.

Potocnik, F., Page M. & Hugo F. (2001). Textbook of Psychiatry for Southern Africa.

Robertson, B., Allwood , C. & Gagiano , C. (2001). Geriatric Psychiatry. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Varcarol is, E. M. (2000). Psychiatric Nursing Clinical Guide - Assessment Tools and Diagnoses . Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company.

Weller, B. F. (2005). Bailliere's Nurses Dictionary. Twenty-fourth International Edition. London: Elsevier

Wold,G. (1993). Basic Geriatric Nursing. Missouri: Mosby