Knowledge of undergraduate physiotherapy students in the Western Cape regarding the correct administration of bronchodilators via metered dose inhalers
AbstractBackground: International studies have shown that there is a lack of practical and theoretical knowledge amongst various health professionals regarding the correct administration of bronchodilators via metered dose inhalers that may result in poor outcomes and negative side effects in patients. The aim was to evaluate the knowledge of undergraduate physiotherapy students in the Western Cape regarding the correct administration of bronchodilators via metered dose inhalers.
Method: A cross-sectional quantitative descriptive survey including 330 participants was conducted. Data were collected using a self-developed, self-administered English questionnaire. Analysis included descriptive and inferential statistical tests with results significant at p ≤ 0.05.
Results: Similar to other studies significantly fewer students had the correct knowledge with regards to the correct administration of BD’s via MDI’s in relation to the correct steps (p=0.000), overdose (p=0.000), side effects (p=0.000) and contra-indications (p=0.000) of BD administration via MDI.
Conclusion: Teaching and learning should be directed towards improving theoretical and practical skills with regards to the correct administration of BD via MDI. Dosage, side effects and contra-indications of BD usage are aspects that also need to be emphasized in the respiratory physiotherapy curriculum. This will assist in ensuring accurate demonstration and education for safe patient administration. Regular evaluation of technical skills and theory is also recommended.
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