"To do or not to do": examining decision-making styles of university students in South Africa: comparing family structure, gender and living arrangements

  • Nicolette Vanessa Roman
  • Eugene Lee Davids


Decision-making is a process of making choices between competing courses of action. This study has focused on the way that individuals habitually approach decision problems and use information. The aim of the study was to determine whether significant differences exist between different groups of university students based on their gender, living arrangements (living in residence or with parents) and family structure (living in one-parent or two-parent families) regarding their decision-making styles. A sample of 583 university students participated in this study. The final sample comprised of33% males and 67% females between the ages of 18 and 25 years (M= 20.67 years, SO= 1.96). Almost half of the participants lived in residences on campus (51%) and had been raised in a home with both parents (55%). The results suggested that overall, university students are thorough, controlled and hesitant in their decision-making. Significant differences were found between the different groups regarding decision-making styles, with practical implications


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