Prevalence and knowledge of chronic diseases of lifestyle risk factors amongst high school learners in The Northern Cape

  • Benita Sauls
  • José M. Frantz

Abstract

Introduction: Studies have indicated that learners engage in harmful lifestyle behaviours which result in risk factors for chronic diseases of lifestyle. Before an intervention can be implemented to decrease chronic diseases of lifestyle, identification of the risk factors are necessary.


Material and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study incorporating 197 grade 10 learners at three schools within in the Northern Cape was conducted. Data was collected using two reliable and valid questionnaires which assessed knowledge and health risk behaviour with regards to chronic diseases of lifestyle. Collected data was analysed using SPSS.


Results: Only 123 participants completed the health risk behaviour questionnaire, 70% consumed alcohol. One hundred and fifty six participants completed the knowledge questionnaire and 59.2% participants were classified having poor knowledge.

Discussion:  There is an increase in harmful lifestyle behaviours among learners. It is evident among this study's population that they have limited knowledge regarding risk factors for chronic diseases of lifestyle and they actively engage in these harmful lifestyle behaviours.




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