First aid knowledge, attitude and practices among students in a Nigerian University

  • I. A. Joshua
  • A. A. Out
  • C. C. Chukwumerije
  • L. N. Achie
  • J. G. Makama
  • B. W. Zamani


Introduction: The primary objective of first aid is to alleviate suffering, facilitate the healing process and minimize damage. University Students have important role to play as peer educators and change agent in any society.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out between April and July, 2010 among the students of Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. First aid knowledge, attitude and practices were assessed using 420 semi-structured, open-ended self-administered questionnaires and focus group discussions.

Results: The Majority (32%) of the respondents were within the age range of 21-25 years (mean age was 25.9 ± 0.39 years) with 80% being unmarried and undergraduate students. A high percentage of the respondents (92%) fully and correctly defined first aid, and 5% have had training in first aid. The mean knowledge score for the definition of first aid was 1.18 (93%), while that of aims of first aid, who a first aider is, the qualities of a good first aider and the ABC of first aid were 0.5 (25%), 0.27 (13.7%), 1.2 (60%) and 0.21 (10.5%) respectively. The overall score for knowledge was 4.0 (40%). Over 50% of the respondents were faced with an emergency situation, but only 10% could help
the victims. The commonest emergency faced by the students was injuries from road accidents. 83% of the students want to be trained in first aid and 93% supported its introduction into the school curriculum.

Conclusion: There is the need for the introduction of basic first aid into the school curriculum in order to enhance the students' knowledge and skills.


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