The prevalence of low back pain among High School children in Nyamasheke district/ Rwanda

  • P. Ndahimana
  • José M. Frantz

Abstract

Background: Low back pain among high school children is perceived to be uncommon in the clinic setting. However, previous studies have suggested that it may be an important and increasing problem to be managed in this age group.

Objective: The overall aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of low back pain among high school children in Nyamasheke district in Rwanda.

Study Design: A cross–sectional descriptive survey was completed by a convenient sample of high school children.

Results: The mean age of the study sample was 17 years, and 48.2% were females compared to 51.8% of males. The response rate was 96.2%. The low back pain prevalence was found to be 66.1%. The mean age of the first occurrence of low back pain was 14.5(SD = 2.28). One year prevalence was found to be 25.4% whereas the one month prevalence was 13.7%. Males were the most to report low back pain comparatively to females with 53.1% and 43.9% respectively. High school children from the rural region were the most to report low back pain in comparison to those from urban region with 61.5% against 38.5% respectively.


Conclusion:  The findings of this study are important for clinicians, researchers and policy
makers. This information could be used by these health-care professionals to develop appropriate prevention and rehabilitation strategies for this specific group of patients.





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